Hatboro Carnival 2018

Hatboro, Pa had their annual Summer Fun Festival this May. Below are some fun pictures of the family eating ice cream and riding some carnival rides!



The History of Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum


Wax has been used a medium for creating lifelike figures for hundreds of years. The original Tussauds wax museum was founded in London during the 1800s. The museum now has locations around the globe showcasing wax sculptures of pop culture icons. Madame Tussauds is a global phenomenon combining art with pop culture.


Who was Madam Tussaud?

Marie Tussaud was French artist born in 1761. Marie’s mother was employed by a physician named Dr. Philippe Curtius who had the skill of creating medical wax models. Dr. Curtius taught this skill to a young Tussaud at only 6 years old. She personally created wax sculptures of important figures such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and even Benjamin Franklin. During the Revolution, she even created lifelike wax figures of prominent victims.

She inherited Dr. Curtius wax collection upon his death. Marie later was asked to exhibit her work along phantasmagoria pioneer, Paul Philidor, at the Lyceum Theatre. She traveled through Great Britain and Ireland showcasing collection due to the Napoleonic Wars happening in her home of France.


The Museum

Marie opened her first museum on Baker Street in London, showcasing her main attraction, the Chamber of Horrors. Her museum became a major public attraction in the city of London and was eventually absorbed into the London Planetarium in its west wing. Today, Madame Tussauds Museums include not only historical figures but movie stars, sports stars, and murderers who rose to notoriety.

There are locations around the globe with different original pieces in them. Today, there are 7 locations in the United alone with various locations in Europe, Asia, and one in Australia. The museum has been passed down throughout generations. Upon Tussaud’s retirement, her son Francois became the chief artist for the exhibition. He then passed the position down to further generations until the current owner, Merlin Entertainments, took control of the brand.

Wax figure sculptures is a craft that has stood the test of time and is still a relevant art form in today’s pop culture It has moved from a scientific field into a tourist industry over the course of 100 years.

Paparazzi 101


Paparazzi have been around for decades, document historic moments in popular culture around the globe. They document on behalf of the public. Paparazzi are defined as photographers who take images of high-profile individuals usually who are normally going about their normal routines. They make their living by selling their images of people with notoriety to popular magazines and media outlets. Specifically, they work with gossip magazines and tabloids to make their income.



Federico Fellini is credited with coining the term ‘paparazzo’ in his film La Dolce Vita in 1960. Fellini spent many years shadowing scandal sheet photographers. Today, scandalous images can be valued for thousands of dollars, depending on who is captured in the image and what they are doing. For example, in 2006 an anonymous paparazzo told the New York magazine what certain images were valued at. For example, the paparazzo said that an image of George Clooney in 2006 sold for a couple thousand dollars while a photo of him with women sold for around $80,000. The price of the image depends on the narrative that the magazine wants to portray of the celebrity.



There has a been a long tense relationship with those with fame and those wanting to document said fame. Due to the reputation of paparazzi being a nuisance, there are many states and countries that implemented laws and restrictions to lower the tensions between the photographer and their subjects. Yet, in the U.S.A., celebrity media outlets are protected by the First Amendment. In California, the state passed a law in 2013 protecting child celebrities to stop paparazzi from harassing them, regardless of who their parents are.

There are has been even physical encounters between celebrities and paparazzi, as well. One of the first legal and physical battles between a celebrity and a photographer was in 1972 between photographer Ron Galella and Jackie Kennedy Onassis. The incident started when Jackie’s secret service agents destroyed Galella’s camera and film after an encounter in Central Park. This lawsuit shaped the way, legally, the parameters of the relationship between the paparazzi and those who are famous.